America’s third civil rights movement - www.jewishaz.com: Opinion

America’s third civil rights movement

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Posted: Wednesday, April 11, 2018 9:30 am

Proclamation 95, better known as the Emancipation Proclamation, was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on Jan. 1, 1863. It changed the federal legal status of more than 3 million enslaved people in the designated areas of the South from slave to free. The signing of the proclamation was the pivotal event that helped to hasten an end to the four-year Civil War, and thus ended America’s first civil rights movement.

On July 2, 1964, more than 100 years after the Emancipation Proclamation was signed, President Lyndon Johnson signed the landmark civil rights and U.S. labor law known as the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Four years later, and just seven days after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., Johnson signed a second Civil Rights Act of 1968, which provided equal housing opportunities regardless of race, color, religion, sex, disability, familial status or national origin.

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