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30 Jewish News SBonds of sisterhood by leisah woldoff I n an era in which Victorian social conventions limited most women to the private sphere of home and family the founding of the Reform movements National Federation of Temple Sister- hoods in 1913 was monumental for Jewish women because it increased their responsibilities within Judaism and the synagogue according to the Jewish Womens Archive JWA. This is around the same time that Jewish women were starting other organizations such as Hadassah The Zionist Womens Organi- zation of America founded in New York in 1912 by Henrietta Szold. Largely under Szolds leadership Hadassah created the infrastruc- ture for a modern medical system in Palestine that would serve both Jews and Arabs according to JWA. Locally Jewish women formed the Phoenix section of the Nation- al Council of Jewish Women NCJW in 1914 to help disadvantaged Jews in the Valley an effort that eventually led to the development of Jewish Family Childrens Service. NCJW along with Bnai Brith also raised money that helped build Phoenixs first synagogue at 122 E. Culver St. which now houses the CutlerPlotkin Jewish Heritage Center and laid the foundation for other organizations such as Hadassah and the Temple Beth Israel Sisterhood. The Valleys first Hadassah chapter was started in 1940 with Pearl Newmark a former co-owner and editor of Jewish News as its founding president. Today there are four local chapters including two in the East Valley and one in the West Valley that join approxi- Women hold a poster encouraging female mem- bers of the United Jewish Welfare Fund to attend a meeting for the UJWFs Jewish Women United Day in 1955. Photo courtesy of the Pearl and Cecil Newmark Memorial Archives at the Arizona Jewish Historical Society women and sisterhood.indd 30 12216 1100 AM